Landlord-tenant law is part of the common law that details the rights and duties of landlords and tenants. It includes elements of both real property law (specifically conveyances) and contract law.
In Chicago and Evanston, the security deposit which the landlord is holding is actually the property of the tenant. Within 30 days of moving out, the landlord should notify you, in writing, whether he or she is going to make any deductions from your security deposit for repairs for damages you caused. If the landlord does not notify you of damages, then the landlord is obligated to return the security deposit within 45 days of your moving out.
General Obligations of Tenants
- Pay rent on time
- Use reasonable care and not damage property
- Properly dispose of garbage
- Refrain from taking on additional occupants or subleasing without the landlord’s written consent
General Obligations of Landlords
- Make property habitable before tenants move in
- Make and pay for repairs due to ordinary wear and tear
- Refrain from turning off a tenant’s water, electricity or gas
- Provide written notice to tenants when ownership of the property is transferred to a new landlord.
- Not unlawfully discriminate